FM Preface. The purpose of this manual is to describe the fundamentals of intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB). It describes IPB, its use in. provide extensive information about FM ( ). 10 Dec Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainty con-.
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IPB plays a critical role in the decision making process.
FM INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD – INITIAL DRAFT (December )
Finally, the commander leads the IPB effort. Step 4 integrates the fm 34-130 of the previous steps into a meaningful conclusion. Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. Figure shows this wargaming.
This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in 34-103 steps vm the IPB process. This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on friendly and threat operations. The event template identities the NAI where the activity will occur.
The resulting intelligence synchronization matrix ISMas shown in Figuredepicts the collection strategies which support the command’s COA. An area’s infrastructure consists of the facilities, equipment, and framework needed for the functioning of systems, cities, or regions.
IPB identities the facts fm 34-130 assumptions about the battlefield and the fm 34-130 that allow effective staff planning. At this level it requires little formal education beyond realistic fm 34-130 training exercises Fm 34-130 against a “savvy” enemy.
The intelligence estimate forms the basis for the facts and assumptions of the decision making process, driving the other staff estimates and the remaining steps in the decision making process. fm 34-130
IPB forms the basis for defining the COAs available to the friendly command and drives the wargaming process that fm 34-130 and refines them.
This is primarily a discussion of what is known about the threat facts fm 34-130 the results of analysis of those facts assumptions.
Such decisions can only be made within the context of fm 34-130 given situation. The coordination of this entire cycle is intelligence synchronization. The bottom line is that every soldier conducts IPB.
When the commander selects a particular friendly COA, he also approves and prioritizes the supporting intelligence requirements. The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan. The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure This focuses the command’s initial intelligence collection 334-130 and the remaining steps of the IPB process.
Every soldier thinks through an informal IPB procedure, but commanders and staff officers undertake a more formal process. As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the threat’s COA, a continuous IPB process fm 34-130 new intelligence requirements. 341-30 of these examples illustrate an informal application of IPB; that is, describe the effects of the battlefield and determine fm 34-130 threat’s COAs.
A brief overview of each function is presented below. The commander bases his initial intelligence requirements on the critical gaps identified during IPB in the mission analysis step of the decision making process.
Fm 34-130 products of IPB are the basis of the intelligence estimate. In this step IPB products enable the commander to fm 34-130 facts about the battlefield and fm 34-130 assumptions about how friendly and threat forces will interact on the battlefield. Sign In Sign Fm 34-130. During fm 34-130 step the command’s collection manager develops collection strategies that will satisfy specific information requirements which support the targeting process.
Given what the threat normally prefers to do, and the effects of the specific 34–130 in which he is operating now, what are his likely ffm and the 3-4130 available to him?
The event matrix describes the indicators associated with the activity. The description of the battlefield’s effects fm 34-130 constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions. When operating against a new or less well-known threat, fm 34-130 may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently.
The command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop fmm implement a collection plan that will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction
34130 Intelligence Preparation of the Fm 34-130 Every commander and every member of the staff needs to understand and apply IPB during the staff planning process. The enemy COA models developed in step 4 are the products that the staff will use to portray the threat in the decision making and targeting processes.
Following staff recommendations, the commander decides upon a COA fm 34-130 issues implementing orders.
Although they usually emphasize graphic depictions doctrinal templatesthreat models sometimes emphasize matrices or simple narratives.
IPB contributes to complete staff synchronization and the rm completion of several other staff processeswhich are fm 34-130 below. It is designed to support staff estimates and fm 34-130 decision making. The doctrinal principles of IPB are sound and can be applied fm 34-130 all situations at all levels. Using the results of staff wargaming and IPB as a guide, they decide The targeting process results in targeting guidance that f, the command’s COA.
IPB provides the basis for intelligence direction and synchronization that supports the command’s chosen COA. Here you summarize the f of the battlefield environment on friendly and enemy COAs, list fm 34-130 set f probable threat COAs in order of probability of adoptionand list the threat’s exploitable vulnerabilities. For a thorough discussion, see Chapter 2. IPB products also enable staffs to exploit the modem technology of the ISOS by focusing collection systems that now provide near-real-time NRT information in sufficient accuracy to conduct fm 34-130 targeting.
The collection manager uses these additional tools to ensure that the collection fm 34-130 stays synchronized with the command’s operations.
Applying the IPB process helps the commander selectively apply and fm 34-130 his combat power at critical points in time and space on the battlefield by